Last Updated on November 28, 2023 by Flavia Calina
If you don’t improve with conservative treatments such as exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, and pain medication, doctors may recommend surgery. An osteotomy involves cutting bone or adding a wedge to realign a damaged joint and remove pressure. A surgeon can also fuse bones, which eliminates painful movement between the bones. This is commonly done in the wrist, ankles, fingers, or vertebrae.
Many people with arthritis find that their pain and other symptoms can be managed by lifestyle changes, heat and cold treatments, exercise, weight loss (if overweight), splints, assistive devices, and pain medications. When these fail, surgery may be a good option. Surgery can relieve painful joints by removing damaged cartilage or bone fragments, fixing torn ligaments, or removing cysts that collect fluid.
By reducing joint friction, these procedures can help ease or even eliminate arthritis symptoms and improve movement. Suppose the lining of your joint (the synovium) becomes inflamed and grows too much, damaging surrounding cartilage and joints. In that case, a surgeon can remove most or all with a synovectomy procedure. This can be done through open surgery or arthroscopy. This can decrease inflammation and improve your comfort, but it will also limit your range of motion. The Arthritis Foundation recommends arthroscopic synovectomy, which is less invasive and can have fewer complications.
If a noninvasive arthritis treatment Orange Park, FL, like ice packs, heat and cold, medication, exercise, splints, weight loss, and natural remedies, doesn’t reduce your pain or stop the progression of your arthritis, your doctor may suggest surgery. But this is a big decision, and it’s up to you whether or not you decide to have the procedure. In arthroscopic debridement, surgeons use small incisions and cameras to repair tears or smooth rough spots inside your joint or remove bone fragments or damaged cartilage.
This technique relieves pain and improves function in some patients. It is usually used in younger people and can postpone the need for a total joint replacement for 10 to 15 years. In this operation, doctors remove the lining of the affected joint (the synovium) to control inflammation and prevent the build-up of deposits called osteophytes that damage the cartilage around the joint. This is best for people under 30 who still have active lifestyles. It can also help ease pain and prevent further damage to the joint.
Reduced Risk of Recurrence
Since the introduction of drugs that reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system, many people with inflammatory arthritis have avoided surgery. However, if the joints become severely damaged, surgery can improve function and relieve pain. Inflammatory arthritis can cause the lining of the joints, called the synovium, to grow too much and damage the cartilage and joints. During synovectomy, surgeons remove the excess lining in traditional open surgery or through arthroscopy.
This can decrease pain and limit inflammation, but the results may be temporary. Another option is joint fusion. During this procedure, surgeons use hardware, including pins, rods, and plates, to join two or more bones together into a single bone. It can relieve severe pain and provide permanent results, but it will also decrease flexibility and reduce joint movement. This surgery is usually only recommended if other treatments have failed. This includes patients with advanced RA and those with more than one joint affected by RA.
Improved Quality of Life
Arthritis surgery can decrease pain, improve range of motion, and help you do your daily activities. It can also reduce your risk of future damage to the joint or bone. A standard surgical procedure, called arthroplasty, involves replacing the damaged joint with an artificial implant made of metal, plastics, or ceramics. This surgery is typically done on the knees, hips, and shoulders. The lining of your joints (the synovium) can become inflamed or grow too much with inflammatory arthritis, which damages the cartilage and surrounding tissues.
Surgeons can remove the affected synovium during a surgical procedure called synovectomy, either through traditional open surgery or an arthroscopic technique. The most important advantage of a successful surgery is improved quality of life. Patients with a complete knee replacement report improvements in physical activity and social life, as well as emotional and psychological well-being. This is particularly true for post-traumatic arthritis. This form of arthritis develops following a trauma rather than a gradual process like osteoarthritis.
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